What is ROSACEA?
Rosacea is a long-term skin condition usually affecting the cheeks, nose and forehead. Rosacea is characterized by a tendency to flush and blush after exposure to triggers such as stress, sunlight, spicy foods and alcohol. When a person blushes, blood vessels on the face dilate – for those with rosacea this happens so often that over time, the blood vessels remain permanently enlarged. Some rosacea sufferers go on to develop inflammatory pimples. In many, the eyes are affected as well.

Types of Rosacea:
Mild – Occasional flushing, redness, small blood vessels may be seen on the nose and cheeks.
Moderate – Patches of redness persist, pimples, skin burning, stinging, visible blood vessels.
Severe – Diffused facial redness that is chronic, enlarged red bumpy nose called Rhinophyma (mostly in men), multiple bumps and or pustules,enlarged blood vessels.
Ocular – May affect half of sufferers (1), eyes red, watery, burn, gritty, red eyelids, styes

What are the Causes of Rosacea?
Genes
Environment
Unknown

Triggers – Sufferers have reported as follows:

Sun exposure (81%)
Emotional stress (79%)
Hot weather (75%)
Wind (57%)
Intense exercise (56%)
Alcohol (52%)
Spicy foods (45%)

As one ages, dealing with rosacea can become problematic as flushing of the face associated with rosacea is caused by blood vessels dilating. The repeated over-dilation, for many, will become permanent, leading to the skin becoming ruddy and the vessels enlarged, and more visible through the skin.

As with a number of other skin conditions, if you suffer from rosacea, you may find that your flare-ups are often set off or made worse by a number of triggers. By recognizing and managing these triggers, it is possible to reduce the impact on your life. With fewer flare-ups, the potential of long term damage is reduced.

Related problems:

Self conscious.
Depression.
Mistaken for high blood pressure or drinking problem.

Who is affected by Rosacea?
2 million Canadians (1)
Mainly fair skinned people.
30-50 years old.
More common in women

Potential Treatments for Rosacea:
Over the Counter and Dermatological based skin care formulated specifically for Rosacea.
Mild ph-balanced cleansers and moisturizers.
Procedures such Laser,IPL, Photo Facial therapies.

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Sources:(1) Canadian Dermatology Association
Written by Chantal Ward, RN, CANS

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